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INDIRA GANDHI AND UPLIFTMENT OF TRIBALS

-  Nirendra Dev**

Dated Aizawl, the 25th November 2009.

India ram hi hnam hrang leh ze hrang, rin hran nei leh hmel inanglo tak tak te inlungrual taka an chenna ram anih avangin zah leh ngaihsan a hlawh hle a. Tribal te hi kan ram lungphum pawimawh tak dintu te niin ngaihpawimawh an hlawh em em a ni.

Ram hruaitu tam takte phei chuan tribal te dinhmun chawisanna hi an ngaipawimawh hmasak ber niin India ram Prime Minister lo ni tawh Indira Gandhi hi tribal ten hmasawnna an neih nana hmala tu langsar tak a ni a. Indira Gandhi chuan tribal hnam te chu mawlmang taka khawsa, rilru zau tak pu, mi rinawm tak nia ngaiin an hmasawnna kha a ngaipawimawh em em a ni.

Changkan duhna rilru pua mahni inringtawk taka hmalam thlir thintu niin ram inrelbawlna leh hmasawnna kawnga hmalakna chi hrang hranga sawrkar policy leh ruahhmannaah tribal te ngaihdan kha a ngaipawimawh em em a ni.

Hnam hnufual zawkte leh tribal te tanpui duhna rilru a pa Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru India ram Prime Minister hmasa ber hnen atanga chhawm nungin an hmalakna hrang hrangah rilru zau tak pu chunga tanpui a peih reng thin a ni.

A pa Jawaharlal Nehru khan Nagaland kha State puitlingah a hlang kai a, a thih hnuah pawh a pa tihdan chhawm zelin Manipur leh Meghalaya te chu State puitling nihna pe lehin khang hunlaia Union Territory pahnih Mizoram leh Arunachal Pradesh te hmasawnna atan sum leh paia tanpuina kawngah hma nasa takin a la a ni.

A rilru chhungril tak atanga tribal te nena inzawmna neiin India ram khawpui atanga an nundan ngaithla liam mai lovin an mamawhte phuhru turin an in leh lo te hmuh puiin a kawm thin a, Tribal te amah lawmnana an lam changte chuan lamin a zawm ve ngei ngei thin a ni. Tribal te pawhin an nel em em a, thian ena an en rualin anmahni hmakhua ngaia thiamna hmanga an nun kaihhruaitu zawlnei angin an en hial a. An hruaitu an thian ni bawk chu rinna leh hmangaihna rilru nena en letin inthlan lo thlen changa amah leh an party tanpuitu mi rinawm rual an lo chang thin a ni.

A thihcham a lo thlen hian Indira Gandhi-in tribal te inrintawkna pea a enkawl dante kan hrereng a, A bik takin Hmar chhak State te tana hma a lakna te chu Manipur leh Meghalaya ten State puitling dinhmun an chan atang ringawt pawh hian a hriat awm e. Kum 1970 chho vel khan mel lung chhinchiahthlak tak phunin helna leh hnam leh hnam buaina hrang hrang chhuak thin karah hma nasa taka la in hmar chhak state te chu `Seven Sisters` tia koh theih khawpa inlungrual an ni ta reng mai.

Naxal helte India ram hmun danga an lo chhuah tak hnuah phei chuan Indira Gandhi-in hnam hnufual zawkte tana hma a lakna fakawm zia a lang chiang tawlh tawlh a ni.

Kum 1990 tawp lama Ministry of Tribal Affairs din anih khan Indira Gandhi hmathlir thui zia entirin kha Ministry kha India rama hnam hnufual leh chawikan ngai ber Schedule Tribe ten hmasawnna kawng an zawh theih nana hmalakna mumal tak a duang a ni.

Indira Gandhi khan tribal te zirna kha a ngaipawimawh em em a. North Eastern Hill University (NEHU) Shillong-a din a nih nan amah ngeiin hma a la a. Mumal taka zirna kalpuina chuan tribal te chu an mamawh tak hriatna pein kum tamtak chhung chu Meghalaya, Mizoram leh Nagaland-a zirlaiten an chhawr tangkai em em a ni.

Hnam ziarang leh tihdan Indira Gandhi khan ngaipawimawhin chung atang chuan zir chhuah tur tam tak a awm a ni tih ring tlat tu a ni a. A mitthlaa India ram thar thlirin Tribal ten chanvo pawimawh zawk changa an dinhmun an siam that hun tur nghakhlel taka thlir puiin Tribal te chu an hnam ziarang theihnghilh lova chak zawka an hmakhua an sut hun nghakhlel takin a thlir a ni.

Prime Minister a nih lai leh ram hruaitu anih laia amah belchiangtu Nagaland Chief Minister Hlui Himachal Pradesh Governor ni tawh Hokishe Sema chuan Indira Gandhi chuan tribalte nundan chu a ngaipawimawh mai ni lovin an lak atang pawhin thil tam tak a zir a ni, a ti.

*Special Representative with the Statesman, New Delhi
 

PIB, Aizawl

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