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Khawpui tih hmasawnna tur rahbi
 

– R.R Roy.

Khawvel chuan khawpui tihchangtlung leh tihmasawnna kawnga nasa takin hna a thawk a. India ramah ngei pawh kan hmuh leh hriat theihin hna thawh a ni chho a. UPA sawrkar chuan chak zawka hmalak tumin ruahmanna hrang hrang khawpui mamawh tur ang te ngaihtuahin a ngaihtuahna pawh a hmang nasa hle. Union Ministry of Urban Development chuan 11th Five-Year Plan ah hna kalpuiin, hun lo kaltura mamawh chi hrang hrang te a ngaihtuah piah lamah tuna mamawh ang phuhruk turin hma ala a ni.


Khawpui chanchin tlangpui
2001 census ah chuan mi maktaduai 285.35 khawpui ah kan cheng tawh a. Rampum a chhutin kum 1951 leh 2001 chhungin 2.8 in mihring an pung a, khawpui a cheng 4.6 in an pung thung. Khawvel pum anga ngaituah chuan India ram chu khawpui thang lo ber ni mahse ama tawkah chuan thang tak a ni tih a chiang tawk hle a ni.

United Nations chhut danin khawvel a mihring 47 % te hi khawpui a cheng anni a, Asia ram ah chuan 36.7% niin, Europe, South America leh North America ah te chuan 74.8, 79.8 leh 77.2 % anni thung.

Khawvel hmun dangte thehkhin lovin India ram chu amah ngua ngau ah a thang chak a tih ve theih a, kum 1991 ah khawpui metro cities 23 awmin , 2001 ah chuan 35 a kai chho hman ani. Towns khawpui tenau 5161 awmin heng te hian ruahmanna tha zawk leh mumal taka enkawlna an mamawh hle a ni.

Union Urban Development Ministry Secretary M Ramachandran chuan : “India in khawpui changtlung leh hmasawn a neih a tumna kawngah hian thil chi hnih a awm a, pakhatna ah chuan khawpui a cheng mihring an pung tulh tulh a, khawpui tenau zawkah khawpui mi cheng an thahnem sawt hle thung” a ti.

Kum 1971-1981 leh 1961-1971 inkar chhung aiin 1981-1991 leh 1991-2001 inkar chhung hian khawpui a lut mihring an tlem sawt a, hei hian ramchhung hmun hrang hrangah hmalakna, khua tihpuisui leh tihhmasawnna a awm a ni tih a entir thei ang.

Khawpui tihhmasawnna kawnga chona awm thei te Khawpui a cheng te mamawh leh duh, hmanrua leh thil chi hrang hrang awmtir leh pek vek chu thil harsa tak a ni tih a chiang a. Chuti rualin Tui hnianghnar, faina kawnga enkawlna tha, eng tha leh bawlhhlawh paihna hmun tha ngaihtuah erawhchu thil tih tur makmawh a ni tih hriat a tul hle a ni. Plan kalpui anih chhung hian Ministry chuan khawpui te mamawh zirchiangin, a hma a inenkawlna lo siam kalpui anih dan ennawn a tum a ni.

Zirchianna awm hmasa lova hmalakna kalpui te, thawh hona tha awmlo hmalakna te, hmanrua leh tul dang dap leh ngaihtuah hmasa lova hmalakna kalpui te, duham leh hlemhletna hmanga hna thawh anih vangte in hna a kaltha theilovin hmasawnna a ti thuanawp thin a ni.

Khawpui a cheng in 100 a 70 ang zel chu tui hnianghnar taka khawsa annih lain, 100 a 20 ang zel te chuanin tui lakna mumal an la nei theilo a ni. 100 a 26 ang in inthiarna felfai ala neilo anga chhut a ni bawk a, blawlhhlawh paihna leh tihralna hmun pawh mumal takin ala awm lo bawk a ni.


Hmalakna atana hna pawimawh.
11th Plan ah hian chak taka khawpui tihhmasawnna kawngah hma lak tum a ni a. A tum ber chu sawi tawh angin tui, eng, faina kawnga hmalakna leh bungraw mamawh ang te peihfel hmasak a ni dawn a ni.

National Urbanization Policy kapuiin Ministry chuan District Development Plan leh Metropolitan Development Plan, 74th Constitution Amendment Act, in alo sawi tawh angin kalpui a tum a ni.

National Urbanisation Policy chuan tum fel leh ngaituahna thui tak nei a hmala in kum sangbi thar ah chuan ramchhung 100 a hmun 75 te chu khawpui a siam a, ei leh bara hnianghnar leh eizawnna hlawk zawk a awm theihna turin hma lak a tum a ni.

Khawpui tih hmasawn leh tihchangtlungna kawngah hian ruahman ang chuan a tam thei ang ber mipui te tel theihna tur a ruahman a ni a. Hnathawhna kawngah pawh public-private partnership kalpui a ni ang.

Inkaihhruaina tha
Hmalakna ah hian a bul ret atanga inkaihhruaina tha leh mumal a awm phawt a ngai a ni.

Tun dinhmun ah chuan khawpui enkawlna kawngah hian sum in daihloh vangte, a enkawltu tura ruatte inpek tawk lohna te, tax chungchang a harsatna hrang hrang ah te leh hmasawn duhna rilru tak tak pu lova hna thawh anih thin avang te in harsatna a awm thin.

Officer tam tak hemi kawnga hnathawk tawh te ngaihdan ah chuan ruahmanna tha leh felfai tak awm thei se, chhiah lak dan ah pawh kalphung pangngai leh rintlak awm se, sum lama harsatna a awm lohna turin ministry lamin hemi kawnga sum sen hi inhuam se anti a ni.

Centra latang tantuina awm
Ministry chuan tui hnianghnar tak a neih theihna tur te, tui luan kawr leh mumal zawk neih theihna tur te, thianghlimna leh fai zawka khawsak theih dan tur leh eng mumal zawk a a awm theihna tur atan te in sum tam tak seng a in huam a, a pe chhuak mek tawh bawk a ni.

Chhut danin khawpui a tui hnianghnar taka awm thei tura hmalaknan hian cheng vaibelchhia 53,666, hmun dang atan cheng 53,168, tui luan kawr siam nan cheng vaibelchhe 20173, bawlhhlawh mumal taka tihralna atana hmalaknan cheng vaibelchhe 2212 leh chanchin inhriatpawh a inhrilh zung zung theihna tur atan cheng vaibelchhe 8.4 chu 11th Plan atan hian dah a ni.

11th plan chhung atan hian cheng vaibelchhe 1,27,025.4 dah a ni a. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) atangin Ministry hian cheng vaibelchhe 40,000 leh hmun dang dang atangin cheng vaibelchhe 87,025 a dawng dawn a ni.

A tawp nan
Khawpui tihhmasawn tumna kawngah kawng tha inkalpawh zung zung theihna a awm loh chuan hna a kal chak thei dawn lova, chumi hria chuan Ministry chuan 11th Plan ah cheng vaibelchhe 1,32,590 kawngpui siam leh tihchangtlunnan a dah ni.

Hna hi kalpui tan ani chho mek a nasa lehzuala kalpui turin hmalakna leh ruahmanna pawh siam a ni a, hun reilo te ah hemi kawnga hnathawh hrang hrang hian rah tha a chuah ngei a beiseiawm. (PIB Features)

*a ziaktu hi Delhi a senior journalis a ni.
He thu ziak hi a ziaktu ngaidan leh hmuhdan a ni a, PIB ngaihdan emaw hmuhdan emaw a ni lo.
 

PIB, Aizawl

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