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CONSUMER-TE HUMHALHNA

 

Dated Aizawl, the 20th April 2010.

Thil mamawh avanga leitu mipui (consumer) ten hriatna leh finna lama hma an sawn theihna tura multi-media campaign kawngah te, bungraw chi hrang hrang hmanga sumdawnna zaa 34.9 a thanna atan te, thil man awmsa leh nakina lawka a man tur chhut lawkna, dawr, post office, bank hnuaia rural bank hnena sem chhuah leh Essential Commodities Act dan leh hrai awm zawng zawngte mipuite hnena hriattir tura campaign thlak hi kum 2009 chhung Department of Consumer Affairs hlawhtlinna ropui tak a ni.

CONSUMER-TE HUMHALHNA LAM HAWI THEH DARH

Ram puma consumer-te zirtirna turin multi-media campaign lian tham tak neih a ni a. DAVP kaltlangin national leh regioanl ni tin chanchinbu hrang hrang 400 aia tam hnenah advertisement pek chhuah a ni bawk.
Department hrang hrangah - ISI, Hallmark, labelling, MRP, weight and measures leh thil dang chungchang an hriatthiam theihna turin hma lakna lian tham tak neih a ni bawk a. Telecom, real estate, credit cards, financial product, pharmaceuticals, BEE, etc. lam thil lo inlar chhuakte chungchang hriat thiam theihna turin print advertisement bakah department hrang hrangte joint campaign neih a niin heng department hrang hrangte biakrawnna hun hman a ni bawk.
Print advertisement-ah hian thil lian tham leh pawimawh 30 vel pho chhuah a ni a, chanchinbu-ah hian thubelh 12,000 vel zet siam a ni bawk.
Department vek hian Doordarshan leh Satellite channel-te kaltlanga thawn chhuah tur consumer-te zirtirna lam hawi second 30 awh video a siam bawk a. Lok Sabha TV-ah pawh consumer-te zirtirna lam hawi special programme pek chhuah a ni a. Advertisement hrang hranga ngaih pawimawh ber chu thingtlang leh hmun kilkhawra mite an ni.
Hmarchhak state hrang hrang tawng bikte hmangin consumer-te zirtirna tur video pawh siam a ni a. Hmarchhak state hrang hranga hmun kilkhawrte hnen thleng turin Meghdoot Calendar pawh he thuchah puan chhuah nan hian hman a ni a, he zirtirna chi hrang hrang, consumer-te tana tangkai tak tak tur hi ram chhung post office nuai 1,55 chuang hmanga sem darh a ni. Khawpuia post office 25,000 aia tamah consumer-te zirtirna atan poster chi hrang hrang sem chhuah a ni bawk.
Consumer-ten real estate, zirna, damdawi lam, banking sector lam, telecommunication lam chanchin chiangkuang taka an hriat theihna turin publicity pawh tih a ni a, chungte chu in chhunga tar mai theih tur banner leh hoarding-a siam a ni. Hetianga inzirtirna hi rel ticket-ah te leh chhungtinina kan hman electric bill bakah rel reservation chart-ah te chhut kai vek a ni a. Hindi leh Englsih tawng chauh ni lo, tawng chi hrang hrang hmangten an hriatthiam theihna tura an hnambil tawngtea chhut chhuah a ni bawk.

National Consumer Helpline

Department vek hian kum 2005 khan National Help Line a siam bawk a. Consumer-te harsatna sutkiana puih an nih theihna tura counselling chu Delhi University hnuaiah din a niin Toll Free Number 1800-11-4000 kaltlanga rawn theih reng an ni. Consumer-ten an rawn duh chuan phone hman man chawi lovin Thawhtanni atanga Inrinni inkar zing lam dar 9:30 atanga tlai lam dar 5:30 chhung harsatna thlena tanpuina dil theih a ni a, Normal Call charges pawh 011-27662955-58 hmanga tih theih a ni. Department of Consumer Awareness lamin advertisement an tihchhuah bakah hian National Helpline kaltlang hian zirtirna pawh tam tak pek a ni a, harsatna tawk consumer-ten national helpline kaltlang hian kaihhruaina leh counselling an dawng thin. Kumtluanin DD news channel-ah scroll hmangin National Consumer Helpline chungchang hi tarlan a ni bawk.

CONFONET

Plan X-na chhunga National Informatics Centre (NIC) kaltlanga scheme pawimawh tak mai 'Ram chhunga Consumer Fora-te computer leh network hmanga thlunzawmna' project chu Plan XI chhung atan pawh Cheng vaibelchhe 25.69 senga chhunzawm tur a ni. He scheme hnuaiah hian ram chhunga Consumer Fora reng reng computer hmanga tih vek a ni a, chu chu consumer-ten an mamawh an rawn thlen pawha awlsam taka chin fel thuai thuai theihna tur a ni. Plan XI-naah hian Technical support personnel (TSPs) leh training hmangin he ruahmanna hi tihchak lehzual tum a ni.

Consumer Fora inrelbawlna tihchak leh thuam that

Sorkar laipui chuan State leh UT-tena consumer fora inrelbawlna chak lehzuala an kalpui theihna turin sum lama tanpuina a pe a, consumer forum tin chu hna an thawh theih ngei ngeina tura hmanrua leh mamawhte pek vek tura tih a ni. Heng zingah hian consumer fora building thar sak te, building awmsa sak belh, tihdanglam leh tuai thar te a tel a, bungrua leh office hmanruate lei belhna tur grant pawh a tel. Kum 2009 chhung khan hemi atan hian Cheng vaibelchhe 13.20 pek chhuah a ni a, kum 1995-986 atanga 2008-09 chhunga State/UT-a pawisa pek chhuah tawh zat chu Cheng vaibelchhe 159 a ni.

RAMCHHUNGA SUMDAWNNA

Kum 2009 chhung khan national exchange 4 - Multi Commodity Exchange, Mumbai; National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange, Mumbai, National Multi Commodity Exchange, Ahmedabad leh India Commodity Exchange Gurgaon-te kaltlanga bungraw chi 115 hmanga sumdawnna kalpui a ni a. Regional exchange 18-ah pawh bungraw thenkhat hmanga sumdawnna neih a ni a, chung bungruate chu Commission-in Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act,1952 behchhana a pawm vek a ni.

Tunlai technology hmanga National Commodity Exchange kalpui chuan ram puma bungraw hrang hrang hmanga sumdawnna kawng a sial mek a. Kum 2009 (January 2000-November 2009) chhunga sumdawnna hlut zawng chu Cheng vaibelchhe 62,94,000 a nih laiin kum kalta sumdawnna hlut zawng chu Cheng vaibelchhe 46,65,000 a ni thung a, a thanna hi zaa 34.9 a tling. Exchange kaltlanga bungrua an thawnchhuahte chu thir hlawm, thir tlang, energy lam thil leh thlai thar chi hrang hrang a ni a, heng zinga hemi kum chhunga hralh tam ber chu rangkachak (gold), tangkarua (silver), \darsen (copper), suan (lead), zinc, chana, bekang, be, jeera, hmarcha leh energy lam thilte a ni. Hemi hun chhung vek hian almond, heating oil leh gasoline lama sumdawnna kawng thar hawn a ni a, Thermal Coal lakluhna kawng hawn a ni bawk.
Commission thil tum ber chu a dik lo zawnga market kaihher a ni tur ven te, market hrang hrang inzawmna tur kawng duan te, sum virvel thunun leh consumer-te humhalh a ni.
Kum 2009 nchhunga Commission-in Regulatory leh Development lama hma a lakna lian thamte chu :

Regulatory lama hmalakna :

* Kum nga zet an lo hman tawh National Exchange-a divestment of the equity kaihhruaina chu July ni 29, 2009 khan tih chhuah a ni.

* October ni 9, 2009 khan Gurgaon-a India Commodity Exchange Limited chu 'national exchange' tia pawm (recognised) a ni.

* Exchange account leh an member-te hming chuanna lehkhabu hrang hrang enfiah a ni a. Commission chuan kum 2006-07 atang khan Exchange Members, a bikin National level Commodity Exchanges, entir nan - MCX, Mumbai, NCDEX, Mumbai and NMCE, Ahmedabad-te account book a enfiah ziah thin. Kum 2009 khan National Commodity Exchanges member 99-te a audit tan a. Heng auditor-te hian National Exchange 3 leh Regional Exchange 14-te pawh an audit nghal a ni.

* The Forward Markets Commission hian Commodity Exchange-a pek chhuahna kalphung (delivery system) mual taka a kal theihna turin kaihhruaina chi hrang hrang a siam a, hei hi sumdawngte emaw midang tupawh, he market-a an inrawlh tam theihna tura tih a ni.

Kum 2009 chhunga Regulatory lama hmalakna lian thamte chu :

Direct Delivery System hman : Hmun thenkhat, bungraw dah khawmna in (warehouse) atanga hla taka awmte bungraw lak chhuah dan phung tihzauh leh hawn zauh a nih theih nan leh tunhmaa bituk chin chauh lak chhuah theih a nih chungchangah Commission chuan ni 16.3.2009 khan NCDEX kalphung zuia Direct Delivery mechanism hman a pawm ta.

I. Exchange for Physicals (EFP) leh Alternate Future Settlement Mechanism (AFS) dan hman a ni.

II. Sumdawng leh chanvo neiten mumal leh awlsam zawka thil an lak chhuah a, an pek chhuah theihna tura NAFED thuneihna sang lutuk tih hniam a ni.

III. Bungraw thlan bik a hma thei ang bera sem darh a nih a, fel fai taka duh thala sem chhuah a nih theihna turin a pek chhuahna dan siam that a ni.

IV. Pawisa tih chingpen (Money Laundering) awm thei thlir chungin commodity exchange member-te zui tur kaihhruaina pek chhuah a ni.
Heng bakah hian Commission chuan market kaihhruaina dan a lek kawh tha hle a, alu leh aieng ang chi mamawhna a san ang zelin a tul angin market-te hi a endik thin.

Hmasawnna (development) lam kawnga hma lakna :

Commission hian market-te bul thut tihzauh a, Commodity Market-a chanpual nei zawng zawngin hlawkna an chan theihna turin tun hnai khan ruahmanna chi hrang hrang a siam a, hengte hi a ni:

* Thilsiamtu, lo tidanglamtu, thawnchhuaktu leh laluttu (hedgers) te an tel tam theihna kawng chu thil man nena inbuktawk turin a ruahman.

* Chanpual nei mi chi hrang hrang, a bikin loneituten market hrang hranga hlawkna an chan ve theih dan tur te, ruahmanna siamtute thurawn an pek theihna tur leh commodity sector lama an chakna tihpun a nih theihna tura zirtirna pek an ni.

* Commodity Exchange-a chanpual neitena hlawkna an chan ve theihna tur leh loneituten an thil thar chhuah man, man man tawka an tel ve theihna turin Aggregation model hrang hrang siam a ni.

* APMC leh centre dangte kaltlanga loneitute tihchakna leh thil man hriat zung zung theihna turin Price Dissemination project siam a ni.

* Chanvo nei hrang hrangte harsatna tawhte hriat sak theihna tur leh an thil tum an tihpuitlin theihna tura an mamawh thil chi hrang hrangte hriatsakna turin chanvo nei zawng zawngte nena meeting huaihawt a ni.

Chanvo neite tel tam theihna tura ruahmanna

Commission chuan bungraw hrang hrang hralh zelna kawnga chanpual nei (hedger) tel tam theihna tur kawng hrang hrang a duang a. Market lo awm zel tura chanvo nei hrang hrangte an tela an inrawlh theihna tura kaihhruaina dan siam danglam tulte pawh siam danglamin exchange leh chanpual neite inkawmna leh inbiak theihna tur hun remchang a bituk bawk a. Hetianga inkawmhona leh sawihona bakah hian India ram pumna corporate house-te nen meeting vawi duai lo neiin thlai thar lam thil te, thir leh energy lam thil siam chhuah tihpunna tura chanvo neite rawtna pawh ngaihthlak thin a ni.

Meeting atanga thu an dawn leh market lama mithiamte thil hmuh behchhan hian Commission chuan exchange-a delivery system tihthat nana ngaihtuahna thar siamin, delivery period hun pawhsei chungchangah te, direct delivery te, exchange forphysicals (EFP) te, contract rei zawng te, a that leh that loh thu leh bungraw thenkhat bik chungthu ngaihtuahna te a nei zui thin a, thil man danglam thut thuta chanvo neite harsatna tawh tur pawh theihtawpin lo thlir lawk thin a ni.

Inzirtirna lam:

Loneitute leh an kaihhnawih pawl leh mimaltena an hriat tur zirtirna hi kum thum kal ta chhunga Commission hnathawh pawimawh ber pakhat a ni. Kum 2009 chhung khan commodity future market-a chanvo neite zirtirna programme vawi 208 zet neih a ni a. Heng programme zinga 96 chu loneitute pual liau liauva tih a ni.


Thil man tar chhuahna project


Forward Markets Commission chuan Commodity Exchange nena tangrualin mandi, post, office, thingtlanga bank branch leh loneituten an tlawh zin lai hmunahte thil man dinhmun leh a danglam theih dan pho chhuahna project an bawhzui bawk. Thil man dinhmun tarchhuah hi a pawimawh em em nachhan chu loneituten thlai chi an theh hma leh an seng hnua ngaihtuahna an sen theihna tur leh APMC lama an dinhmun tur leh sumdawngte nena an inkar an chhut chian lawk theihna tur a nih vang a ni. Hemi hmang hian an thil thar chhuah atangin hlawkna an dawng thei bawk. State huam chin te, hmun bik te leh bial chhung bhika thil man pho chhuahna leh tar chhuahna hi AGMARK nena inberawna tih a ni a. Hemi project thawhna atan hian Mandi 885 chu pawm a ni tawh a. Mandi leh hmnundang, loneitute mamawhna sanna hmunah la tih zui zel tum a ni. Thil man reng reng chu electronic price ticket board an tih maiah an tar nghal zel dawn a ni.

ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1955 KALPHUNG LEH A KENKAWHNA DAN

State leh UT thuneituten Essential Commodities Act, 1995 behchhana a tuka bungraw mamawh chheprelh venna kawnga hma an lak theihna tur leh a tul anga hremna an lek theihna turin Cabinet phalna angin Central order chu ni 15.02.2002 khan tih chhuah a ni a. Chutah chuan bungraw chheprelh khap zingah be lam chi, hriak ei chi, buhfai, buhhum leh chini te a tel a ni. State/UT sorkarte chuan heng bungruate hi phalna bik hmangin chhelkhawl theih chin tur bi an tuk ang. Heng thil chi ngate humhalh bikna dan hi Ni 30.09.2010 thleng (extended vide order dated 25.09.2009 published in the Gazette of India) a nung dawn a. State/UT sorkarte atanag report dawn danin State/UT 23 te chuan heng thil chi hnih emaw dah khawl theih chin dinhmun an puang chhuak ang a, license an mamawh dan te, an khawl zat puan chhuah te an ti vek ang. Tunah hian State/UT 18-te stock limit order chu pek chhuah tura enfiah mek a ni a. State/UT panga hnenah licensing requirements/stock declaration requirements chu pek chhuah a ni tawh.
Chini (sugar) bika order hi Ni 08.10.2010 thleng a nung a, chu chu Ni. 30.09.2010 thlenga nung tura pawhsei a ni. Chini chungchangah sorkar laipui chuan stock zat tur leh an chhekkhawl phal chin hriattirna order pawh a pe chhuak tawh bawk a ni.
 

PIB, Aizawl

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