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INDIA ELECTORAL SYSTEM CHANCHIN

 

Dated Aizawl, the 18th February 2014

Special FEATURE - 1
General Elections-2014


India in zalenna hmuh hnu kum 1947 August thla atang khan sawrkar siam tur thlang turin inthlanpui neih tan a ni a, hei hi Universal Adult Suffrage system a kalpui a ni. India danpui Constitution hnuaia Article 324 a tarlan angin Election Commission chu constitutional authority angin a hrang hlaka din niin kum 1949 November ni 26 khan din niin a kum leh January ni 26 atang khan hna a thawk tan a ni.

Dan ang thlapin Election Commission of India chu kum 1950 Jan ni 25 khan din tan ani a, hemi ni atang hian India chu Sovereign Democratic Republic ram a ni nghal a, Chief Election Commissioner hmasa ber atan Sukumar Sen chu March ni 21, 1950 khan ruat a ni.

Election Commission hi member pakhat chuahin a enkawl hnuin kum 1989 October ni 16 atanga 1990 January ni 1 thleng khan member 3 in a enkawl a, tih danglam leh a nih hnuin vawiin thlengin kum 1993 atang khan member 3 in an enkawl mek a ni. Chief election Commisisoner leh Election Commissioner 2 te chu Supreme Court Judge hlawh ang pek an ni a, an ni 3 hian thuneihna thuhmun an nei a, CEC leh EC term hi kum 6 chhung a ni a, kum 65 a tlin hma chu he hna hi chelh theih a ni.

India rama Lok Sabha leh Vidhan Sabha inthlanpui chu kum 1951, August ni 13 khan President in a puang a, hei hi Election Commission thurawn angin lehin Parliament in rem a tihpui hnua puan a ni. Dan hnuaia felfai taka inthlanna neih anih theih nan Representation of People Act, 1950 chu sawrkarin kum 1950 May ni 12 khan a pawm a, electoral roll mumal siamna turin Representation of the People Act, 1951 chu July ni 17, 1951 khan pawm leh niin, hei hi state tinah hman a ni.

India ram puma electoral roll hmasa ber chu kum 1951 November ni 15 khan tarchhuah niin Jammu and Kashmir tel lovin vote nei 17,32,13,635 tarlan a ni. Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha leh state Assembly inthlan te neih anih hnu hian kum 1952 May thla khan President thlanna chu a vawi khatna atan neih ani bawk a ni. Inthlanpui hmasa berah hian Election Commission chuan political party 14 chu recognized political party, state tina unit nei ah a dah a, 39 chu state political party bik angin a chhinchhiah a ni. Tunah hian National party 7 awmin state party 40 an awm mek a ni.

Inthlanna ah hian Balloting system hmangin paper ballot a vote thlak thin a ni a, mahse kum 1982 khan Kerela ah Arur Assembly Costituency thlanna ah Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) chu a vawi khatna atan hman niin hemi hnu hi chuan hmun hrang hrang ah hman ani ta a ni. Lok Sabha inthlanpui 2004 khan a vawi khatna atan ram pumah hman a ni a, tunah chuan state legislative assembly inthlan ah pawh EVM hi hman ani vek tawh a ni.

Kum 1951 atanga chhut chuan kan ramah hian inthlanpui hi hlawhtling taka neih alo ni tawh thin a, Lok Sabha inthlanpui 16-na tur atan pawh hian nasa takin sawrkar a inpuah chah mek a ni.

PIB, Aizawl

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