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 28-September-2012

RURAL BUSINESS HUBS

 

Backgrounder

 

 

The Rural Business Hubs (RBH) is a steady influx of rural people to urban areas in search of employment and economic opportunity.  Also, there is a wide gap between rural and urban areas in terms of public services like health and education, in the quality of life and levels of income.  This gap is perceived to be widening.  The 73rd Constitutional Amendment, 1992, has mandated Panchayats as Institutions of Self Government, to plan and implement programmes of economic development and social justice.  Government of India has recognized that Panchayati Raj is the medium to transform rural India 700 million opportunities.  There is also a felt need to ensure that the benefits of rapid economic growth, unleashed through the reforms of the last two decades, need to flow to all sections of society, particularly to rural India. The Ministry of Panchayati Raj has adopted the goal of "Haat to Hypermarket" as the overarching objective of the Rural Business Hubs (RBH), initiative aimed at moving from more livelihood support to promoting rural prosperity, increasing rural non-farm incomes and augmenting rural employment. 

 

The budget allocation for the RBH scheme introduced during the Eleventh Five Year Plan w.e.f. 2007, has been fairly small, as a result of which the scheme has been restricted to the BRGF districts and districts of the North Eastern States. The implementation of the scheme has not taken off as anticipated and due to the lack of response by various partners, it has been decided to taper off the scheme during the 12th Plan. RBH projects have been sanctioned for various products including metal work, carpets, embroidery, biofuels, horticultural products etc. However, as the scheme is not being continued in 12th Five Year Plan, no further steps are proposed to be taken for creating awareness or training people in the production of these items.


           Details of total employment generated by the Rural Business Hubs that have been set up are not maintained by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. However, the number of beneficiaries of various RBH projects is given State-wise as below: 

Sl.No.

State

Number of Beneficiaries

1

Andhra Pradesh

500

2

Arunachal Pradesh

300

3

Assam

2220

4

Bihar

54

5

Chhattisgarh

4046

6

Haryana

100

7

Himachal Pradesh

500

8

Jharkhand

1030

9

Karnataka

200

10

Kerala

340

11

Madhya Pradesh

N.A.

12

Maharashtra

5487

13

Manipur

1065

14

Meghalaya

300

15

Orissa

120

16

Rajasthan

4050

17

Tamil Nadu

1140

18

Tripura

554

19

Uttar Pradesh

1116

20

Uttarakhand

2500

21

West Bengal

5860

 

Total

31482

 

Note: N.A. = Not available

 

 

PIB Aizawl

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