ECONOMIC EDITORS' CONFERENCE - 2012
(8th & 9th October, 2012)
Background Material of Ministry of Railways
Indian Railways is the prime mover and plays a
pivotal role in the transport scenario of the
nation. Spread over the length and breadth of the
country, it continues to integrate the nation as
well. Over a national network of 64,000 route
kilometers, Indian Railways is presently moving on
an average 2 million tonnes of freight and 23
million passengers daily. It is the single largest
employer in the country having about 14 lakh
employees and is one of the largest railway systems
in the world under a single management.
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF INDIAN RAILWAYS
total approximate earnings
of Indian Railways on originating basis during first
six months of the financial year 2012-13 i.e. from 1st
April to 30th September 2012 were Rs.
58649.83 crore compared to Rs. 48963.19 crore during
the same period last year, registering an
increase of 19.78 per cent. The total
earnings have gone up from Rs. 32425.41 crore
during 1st April to 30th September 2011
to Rs. 40303.85 crore during 1st April –
30th September 2012,
registering an increase of 24.30 per cent.
The total passenger revenue earnings
during first six months of the financial year
2012-13 were Rs. 15581.44 crore compared to Rs.
14017.76 crore during the same period last year,
registering an increase of 11.15 per cent.
revenue earnings from other coaching
amounted to Rs. 1510.38 crore during 1st
April to 30th September 2012 compared to
Rs. 1377.58 crore during the same period last year,
an increase of 9.64 per cent.
The total approximate
numbers of passengers booked
during 1st April to 30th
September 2012 were 4274.87 million compared to
4121.99 million during the same period last year,
showing an increase of 3.71 per cent.
GROWTH IN FREIGHT LOADING
Indian Railways have carried 969.78 million tonnes
of revenue earning freight loading during
2011-12 as against 921.51 million tonnes during
2010-11, registering a growth of 5.24 per cent.
Indian Railways loaded approx. 455.80 million tonnes
of Coal, 104.71 million tonnes of Iron Ore, 107.57
million tonnes of Cement, 52.79 million tonnes of
Fertilizer, 45.56 million tonnes of Foodgrains,
41.09 million tonnes of POL, 34.86 million tonnes of
Pig Iron and Finished Steel, 38.58 million tonnes of
Container traffic, 14.48 million tonnes of Raw
material to steel plants except Iron Ore and 74.34
million tonnes of other goods in the year of
BUDGET ESTIMATES FOR 2012-13
The target of
earnings for 2012-13 envisaged in Budget
Estimates at Rs.1,32,502 crore, implying a growth of
27.2% over 2011-12. This was based on a loading
target of 1025 million tonnes of freight and 8741
million numbers of originating passengers.
This also included rationalization of fare
and freight structure proposed in Budget, 2012-13.
In 2012-13, the
Working Expenses have been budgeted at Rs.84,400
crore., i.e., 13.2% more than previous year’s
actuals. Upto August’12, the expenditure incurred is
Rs.35,235 crore. The targeted
Ratio for 2012-13 as envisaged in Budget
Estimates is 84.9%. The internal resource generation
is targeted at Rs.25,117 crore. in 2012-13.
If the growth in core sectors is as per the
projections made by the ministries handling core
commodities like coal, Iron ore etc, it would be
possible to generate the projected resources. At the
end of 2012-13, the balances in the Funds have been
budgeted at Rs.5,744 crore.
DEDICATED FREIGHT CORRIDORS
The Western Dedicated Freight Corridor
(DFC) of 1499 kms. will be from Jawaharlal Nehru
Port (JNPT) in Mumbai to Tughlakabad and Dadri near
Delhi and would cater largely to the container
transport requirements between the existing and
emerging ports in western India and the northern
The Eastern DFC will be from Ludhiana in
Punjab to Dankuni (1839 kms.) near Kolkata to be
extended in future to serve the new deep sea port
proposed in Kolkata area and will largely serve coal
and steel traffic. The two corridors will be joined
together by a connector corridor between Khurja and
Dadri. The DFC project is being implemented by the
Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India
Limited (DFCCIL), a Special Purpose Vehicle created
in October 2006.
Durgawati-Karwandia section (66 kms) of
Eastern DFC is targeted for commissioning in
Construction work of formation and bridges is
in progress and 85% work has been completed till
September 2012. Contract for Track Work has been
awarded in July 2012.
Pre-qualification for systems contract has
been finalised and the Bid document is under
Construction work of 54 major and important
bridges of Western DFC is in progress and 5 major
bridges have been completed. Land acquisition is
progressing well and as on 31.7.2012 out of total
land of 10703 hectares to be acquired for Eastern
and Western DFC, Award under section 20 F of RAA
2008 has been declared for 7557 hectares
(70%).Target for commissioning of
Eastern & Western DFC is March, 2017 except
for the following sections: Durgawati-Karwandia, 66
km section of Mughalsarai-Sonnagar – December, 2013.
Balance 52 km section of Sonnagar-Mughalsarai –
PRODUCTION UNITS MEET HIGHER TARGETS
Indian Railways achieved the best ever
production of locomotives in 2011-12.
During the year, 284 Diesel locomotives and
298 Electric locomotives were manufactured. A higher
target of 330 Diesel locomotives and 300 Electric
locomotives has been fixed for 2012-13 which is
likely to be achieved. During the year 2011-12, 3637
coaches were manufactured.
These include coaches for Kolkata Metro,
suburban services for metropolitan cities, DMUs for
Kashmir, main line coaches and LHB type coaches with
superior safety and amenity features.
Integral Coach Factory/ Chennai has completed
a prestigious export order of 120 DMU cars for Sri
Lanka which was executed through RITES.
Rail Coach Factory/Kapurthala has started
manufacture of non air-conditioned coaches on the
new LHB platform. During 2012-13 a production target
of 4000 coaches has been fixed. The wagon production
also peaked to a record high of 18357 during
2011-12. Rail Coach Factory/Rae Bareli has commenced
its manufacturing activities. This factory is
manufacturing superior LHB type coaches which will
help Indian Railways to mitigate coach shortage.
It has manufactured 37 coaches up to
September’ 2012 by sourcing coach shells from Rail
MUMBAI ELEVATED RAIL CORRIDOR PROJECT
Mumbai Elevated Rail Corridor
will be 63-km Broad Gauge double line from Oval
Maidan/Churchgate to Virar having 26 stations. The
corridor will be 8.5 kms underground, 42.72 kms
elevated and 12.51 kms at grade and will cost Rs
20,000 crore. The proposal is to run air-conditioned
EMU trains at a frequency of 1.5 minutes with peak-
hour passenger-carrying capacity of 90,000. The
project has been planned for implementation through
PPP mode under Design, Build, Finance, Operate &
Transfer (DBFOT) model. Request for Qualification
for the project has been published. The project is
anticipated to be awarded by March, 2013.
AIR CONDITIONED DOUBLE DECKER
Indigenously designed, developed and manufactured
Air conditioned double decker train was
introduced for the first time between Howrah and
Dhanbad. Now an improved design has been developed
and such services between Jaipur and Delhi has been
introduced. Such services are also planned between
Habibganj-Indore and Chennai-Bangalore in near
future. AC double decker train with improved
passenger friendly design is having capacity of 120
passengers per coach.
HIGH SPEED RAIL CORRIDORS
Indian Railways has identified seven
corridors for conducting prefeasibility studies for
High Speed Rail Corridors. These are; (i)
Consultancy for Pre-feasibility study for Pune –
Mumbai – Ahmedabad – 650 km - Study Completed, the
Final Report by the Consultant has been submitted to
Ministry of Railways in April, 2010, (ii)
Consultancy for Pre-feasibility study for Delhi –
Agra - Lucknow-Varanasi-Patna – 991 km - The study
has been completed and the Consultant has submitted
Draft Final Report to Ministry.
(iii) Consultancy for Pre-feasibility study
for Howrah –Haldia – 135 km –The study has been
completed and the Consultant has submitted Final
Report to Ministry on 31.07.2012.
(iv) Consultancy for Pre-feasibility study
for Hyderabad-Dornakal-Vijayawada-Chennai – 664 km -
The study is in progress. The Consultant has
submitted Inception Report, Interim Report I & II
and Draft Final Report. These reports are under
scrutiny. (v) Consultancy for Pre-feasibility study
for Chennai – Bangalore – Coimbatore – Ernakulam -
Thiruvananthapuram – 850 km - The study is in
progress, Consultant has submitted Inception Report
and Interim Report No.1 to Ministry. (vi)
Consultancy for prefeasibility study for
Delhi-Jaipur-Ajmer-Jodhpur– 591 km – The proposal
for invitation of tender to engage the consultant is
under finalization. (vii) Consultancy for
Pre-feasibility study for Delhi– Chandigarh-Amritsar
– 450 km - The proposal for re-invitation of tender
is under finalization.
In a major thrust in enhancing safety,
Train Protection & Warning System (TPWS)is being
provided on Indian Railways’ Automatic Signalling
sections & High Density Routes as a first step. As a
pilot project, TPWS has been provided on
Chennai-Gummidipundi Suburban Section of Southern
Railway (50 Route kilometres) which has been
commissioned in May 2008. For Main line operations,
another pilot project on Hazrat Nizamuddin – Agra
Section of Northern/North Central Railway (200 Route
Kilometres, is under progress. Track side work has
been completed on the entire section & 35 locos have
been fitted with Onboard TPWS equipment. Commercial
trials are being conducted on nominated trains.
TPWS is also being provided on Dum
Dum-New Garia section of Kolkata Metro (25 Route
Kilometres) where the track side and onboard
installation work is presently in progress. Anti
Collision Device (ACD) developed by Konkan Railway
Corporation Limited (KRCL) has been provided as a
pilot project on Northeast Frontier Railway (1736
Route kilometres). Operation and technical problems
noticed in Southern Railway trials are being looked
into and new ACD version-II after successful
validation and certification will be deployed on
Northeast Frontier Railway.
Further, proliferation of ACD shall be
possible only after these problems are resolved
comprehensively by KRCL. Based upon experience
gained from ACD & TPWS systems, Indian Railways has
now taken up development of TCAS. TCAS shall be a
fusion of functionalities of TPWS & ACD and shall
prevent Signal Passing at Danger as well as
Collisions. After invitation of Expression of
Interest, six Indian firms have been shortlisted.
One of the firm has developed the Prototype which
shall undergo field trials in Oct’2012 over South
ADVANCE TECHNOLOGY IN SIGNALLING
For enhancing efficiency & safety of train
operations, GSM(R) based Mobile Train Radio
Communication system for communication among
train Driver, Guard, Station Master, Control Office
& field maintenance staff during run of the train
has been commissioned on 1725 RKms and work is in
1000 RKMs which is expected to be
has to play a very vital role for network expansion,
capacity creation and zero tolerance for accidents.
Advanced technologies in Signalling, high quality
training to improve skills and managing new
technologies and deployment of predictive /
diagnostic tools for minimizing failures and Mean
Time to Repair (MTTR) has been planned.
Centralized operation of points & signals along with
Block Proving by Axle Counters and Continuous Track
Circuiting shall be progressively deployed on entire
IR. Safety shall be further improved by provision of
On Board Train Protection system. Capacity
augmentation is planned by provision of Intermediate
Block Signals, Automatic Block Signalling and
Centralized Operation & Control Centre.
IMPROVED PASSENGER AMENITIES
Intensive Mechanized cleaning of coaches
in the coaching depots through professional agencies
is being carried out. Heavy duty machines such as
high pressure jet cleaners, floor scrubbers, vacuum
suction cleaners etc. are deployed for the purpose.
Presently a total of 115depots have been identified
for this work and this has already been implemented
in 89 coaching depots on different Zonal Railways.
On Board Housekeeping Scheme (OBHS) has been
prescribed in all Rajdhani, Shatabdi, Duronto &
other important long distance Mail/Express trains
for frequent cleaning of coach toilets, doorways,
aisles & passenger compartments during the run of
the trains. A total of 535 trains have been
identified for providing OBHS services. This scheme
has been implemented on about 335 pairs of trains.
Clean Train Station scheme has been
prescribed for limited mechanized cleaning attention
to identified trains during their scheduled
stoppages enroute at nominated “Clean Train
Stations” with focus on cleaning and
disinfecting of toilets, doorways and aisles. 30
Clean Train Stations have been nominated by Railway
Board on different Zonal Railways. 28 of these have
been commissioned and are functional. Fifty
locations have been identified to set up
Mechanized laundries for improving the quality
of washing of bed rolls. While 29 locations shall be
managed departmentally, 21 are being outsourced.
Mechanized laundries have already been set up at 16
locations. Contracts for setting up laundries at 7
locations are in advanced stage and tender are under
process at 12 locations. The contract for pest
and rodent control in coaches is already in
place in 125 coaching depots out of 127 identified
coaching depots on IR. To improve effectiveness of
the pest and rodent control, measures are being
regularly reviewed. Major constraint is
vulnerability of coaches for entry of pest and
rodents at coaching depots, station yards etc.
Indian Railways introduces new passenger friendly
Facility of Modern Luggage Trolleys
has been introduced as a pilot project for senior
citizens and women passengers.
These trolleys are operated through ‘Rail
Yatri Sevaks’. Battery operated vehicles at railway
stations for disabled, old age and sick passengers.
This facility is to be provided through
Commercial Publicity route with no charge to be
levied either from the passenger or from the
INTRODUCTION OF BIO-TOILETS
With a commitment to provide hygienic
environment to its passengers and staff, Indian
Railways, along with Defence Research & Development
Organization (DRDO) have developed Environment
Friendly Bio-toilets for its passenger coaches. In
these bio-toilets, the human waste is treated by
bacteria, which is benign to the humans.
This bacteria converts human waste into water
and gases (methane and CO2). The gases escape to
atmosphere and treated waste water is discharged
after chlorination. Human waste thus does not fall
on the tracks. Eight trains are running with 436
bio-toilets and in the year 2012-13, 2500 more
bio-toilets are planned to be introduced. A complete
switch-over to bio-toilets in new coaches has been
planned by 2016-17 and the Indian Railway has
targetted elimination of direct discharge passenger
coach toilet systems by the end of the Thirteenth
Five Year Plan i.e., 2021-22.
DEVELOPMENT OF ADARASH STATIONS
The scheme of Adarsh stations has been
introduced from the year 2009.
Adarsh Stations are provided with basic
facilities such as drinking water, adequate toilets,
catering services, waiting rooms and dormitories
especially for lady passengers, better signage, etc.
During 2010-11, 201 stations were identified
to be developed under this scheme of which 36
stations were identified in October 2011.
Work at 82 stations has been completed.
Work at another 184 stations is targeted for
completion in 2012-13.
A new concept of development of Multi
Functional Complexes (MFCs) with budget hotels was
introduced to provide rail users facilities like
plaza, ATM, Variety Store, Books & Chemist shops,
So far, a total of 196 stations have been
identified for MFCs.
The task of development of these MFCs has
been assigned to Zonal Railways and construction of
MFCs has been completed at 35 stations.
TRAIN RUNNING INFORMATION FACILITY
To provide accurate train running information to the
public, the Indian Railways has expanded the train
running information facility. Now the information on
the running of all trains is available at
Similarly this facility is available through SMS on
avail this SMS facility,
Type SPOT<space><train number> and send it to 139
SMS based enquiry regarding location of rake
in Freight Operation Information System
has been started from 12.10.11 for customers.
The customer is required to send the FNR-id of the
rake as SMS to 57866.
in running trains is under implementation in three
rakes of Howrah Rajdhani as pilot.
Based on the user feedback this facility may
be extended to other important trains.
IMPROVED TICKETING SYSTEM
Passenger Reservation System (PRS) is
running at more than 2926 locations, and is handling
more than 3,000 trains involving on an
average, 5.42 crore passengers per month with
average earning of Rs.2355.20 crore per month. The
locations include non-railhead centres like main
cities of North East region, almost 90% of
Districts, etc. Computerized reservation terminals
have been expanded in remote stretches. In addition,
the facility of I-ticket and e-ticket has been made
available for all mail and express trains and more
than 3,50,000 tickets are being issued
everyday through the internet also. Unreserved
Ticketing System (UTS)
facility has been extended to more than 5485
locations where approximately 9950 UTS counters have
been made functional.
It serves approx. 63.09 crore passengers /
month earning revenue of Rs.1131.54 crore month.
During the period Sept. ’11 to Sept.’12, UTS has
been commissioned at 441 locations. ‘Mushkil
Aasaan’ is the scheme to introduce mobile
ticketing vans in both rural and urban areas for
providing reserved tickets to the public.
Two such vans were commissioned at Kolkata
and New Delhi in January 2010.
Further, 25 mobile vans were planned for
introduction across 16 zonal railways.
So far, 807 Automatic Ticket Vending Machines
have been installed at 248 locations. Further
approx. 1500 ATVMs are planned for procurement.
460 ATVMs were commissioned between September
2011 and September 2012.
In order to improve accessibility of
Tatkal tickets, the timing of opening of
reservation of Tatkal tickets has been shifted
hours on the previous day of journey instead of
08.00 hours, since 10.07.12.. Further, no
authorized agents, including agents of Indian
Railways Catering Tourism Corporation and RTSAs/RTAs
are allowed to book Tatkal tickets from 10:00 hours
to 12:00 hours. E-tickets can also be booked through
the mobile phone by downloading software from IRCTC
website to the mobile phone. Further since February
2012, passengers booking e-tickets need not take a
print-out of the Electronic Reservation slip (ERS)
and instead display authorized SMS sent by
IRCTC containing all vital details on
laptops/palmtops/mobile phones. They are also
required to carry their valid photo-id in original.
This is a passenger friendly and an eco-friendly
measure. The Advance Reservation Period has
been increased from 90 days to 120 days on an
experimental basis (excluding the date of journey)
PROGRESS IN ELECTRIFICATION
As on 01.04.2012, 22224 Route Kilometers
(RKM) have been electrified. This constitutes 34.48%
of Indian Railways network, hauling about 2/3rd
freight and nearly half of passenger
traffic. Electric traction being an energy efficient
mode of traction, electrification has been
contributing to savings towards expenditure and
precious diesel in a big way.
To get the
power supply at economical tariff, Indian Railways
is setting up a captive power plant of 1000
MW capacity at Nabinagar, Bihar and plan to set up
another Thermal Power Plant of
1320 MW at Adra,
in District Purulia West Bengal
in Joint Venture with NTPC. The Joint Venture
Company named as “Bhartiya
Rail Bijli Company Ltd”
has been formed. Indian Railways plan for
setting up one more gas based power plant of 700 MW
capacity at Thakurli , Maharashtra.
ADOPTION OF GREEN ENERGY
Indian Railway has initiated various measures
to promote green energy. These measures
includes use of renewable energy, energy
conservation and adoption of three phase
technology for utilization of regenerative braking
on locomotives and electrical multiple units (EMU).
Indian Railway commissioned its first wind mill
plant of 10.5 MW capacity in the State of Tamilnadu
in March, 2009 to meet the major load requirement of
Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Perambur, Chennai.
So far about 3300 manned level crossing have
been electrified using solar energy modules
about 1500 solar water heater, 400 solar based
street light & 5 hybrid solar/wind plants have been
provided. Thus about
capacity solar PV modules have been provided on
Indian Railways as on March, 2011.
OPTIC FIBRE CABLE
More than 42,000 Route Kms of Optic Fibre
Cable (OFC) has been laid on Indian Railway
system alongside railway track for improving
communications. Works for laying 10,000 Kilometres
of OFC further are under progress. Optic Fibre
network on Indian Railways has been utilised for
meeting various needs such as Administrative Trunk
Voice Communication, enhancement computer networks
and other IT applications, etc. During Financial
Year 2012-13, 920 Route kilometres, OFC Cable has
been laid upto August 2012. The presence of optic
fibre network in the remote areas has been
instrumental in facilitating multi-service operators
to provide TV, Video and Internet services to
Railway’s PSU RailTel has bagged the
prestigious National Optic Fibres Network Project,
costing Rs. 20,000/-crore.