During rainy season some want to enjoy watching the
weather from the comfort of their homes eating their
favourite pakoras and sipping a hot cup of chai,
while others want to go out and enjoy the rains.
Though following a scorching summer the rain ushers
in new lease of life, it sometimes brings with it
some deadly diseases.
Following are the most common diseases, their
symptoms and some suggestions to prevent them during
the rainy season.
This is the most dangerous disease in India with a
very high number of deaths credited to it. The
disease is spread by Female Anopheles mosquito. A
large number of cases are reported during the rainy
season as water logging provides conducive
conditions for mosquitoes to breed.
Fever at regular intervals, bouts of shivering,
muscle pain and weakness are the general symptoms of
Since this disease is spread by mosquitoes the
best prevention is to keep the surroundings clean
and mosquito-free. Make sure that water does not
stagnate in your area as mosquitoes breed in
stagnant water. Use DDT in the drains near your
home. Use of mosquito repellents and nets is highly
recommended. Do not ignore any symptoms of malaria
and consult your doctor immediately if you feel any
sign of the disease.
Cholera is caused by contaminated food and water.
Also poor hygienic conditions help the spread of the
disease. It normally spreads in places with poor
Severe diarrhea with watery stools is the most
common symptom of Cholera. There could also be
vomiting with immediate water loss and muscle
Keep the drinking water clean and boil it before
using. Maintain personal hygiene and good
sanitation. It is advisable to get vaccinated as it
gives immunity for almost six months.
Oral rehydration should be given immediately for
patients suffering from Cholera.
Typhoid is another highly infectious disease that
spreads during the monsoon season and it is also
caused by contaminated food and water.
The most common symptom of this disease is
prolonged fever. Severe pain in abdomen and headache
can also be the symptoms.
This is a highly communicable disease so the
patient should be isolated from the rest of the
family. Advance vaccination may also help prevent
it. High intake of fluid is advised to patients to
prevent dehydration. Since this disease has a
tendency of relapsing precautions should continue
even after apparent recovery.
Hepatitis A is generally caused by flies. It can
also spread by coming in direct contact with the
The symptoms are similar to those of flu including
high fever along with headache, pain in joints and
The most important prevention of this disease is
vaccination. This vaccine is available at all the
government and private hospitals. Complete bed rest
and a high calorie diet is advised to the patient.
Common cold is the most common disease that
spreads easily during rainy season. Constant
sneezing, sore throat and fever are the common
symptoms of the disease. The easy way to prevent
common cold is to avoid catching it. But if at all
it catches you, treat yourself with a glass of hot
turmeric milk. Gargles with warm water give relief
to your sore throat. If things dont improve you may
like to see a doctor. (PIB Features)